مرکز خرید گلستان
Golestan Shopping Center
الگوی این مجموعه تجاری ، shopping center های بیرون شهرهای آمریکا است که (به گفته دیبا) آنها خودشان از کانسپت بازارهای ایرانی الهام گرفته اند،یعنی بازارهای درون گرا.
درمورد این بازارها نیازی نیست فروشگاه ها از بیرون دید داشته باشند. کسی که به آنجا مراجعه می کند ، می داند در داخل چه چیزی وجود دارد.
Persian bazaars are almost architecturally unique. Bazaars in Iran are not a series of shops along a narrow street, which are occasionally covered. The bazaar, the central wholesale and retail center of a town, is a generous interior circulation network, each part of which is designed in its totality. This means interior-facing elevations, ceilings and roofs designed simultaneously. The space has a continuous and circulatory feeling which often leads to octagonal spaces, 'hashtis', to allow its multiplication and radiation into other directions. The continuous domed ceiling dominates the environment. Bazaars lack exterior elevations and sometimes open at their edges onto green courtyards, mosques, bathhouses and other geometric courtyards for the wholesalers and their storages in the peripheries. One of the most important elements of the bazaar is the lack of spatial separation of circulation space from shops; this means no shop windows or doors. The physical immediacy of merchandise and shopkeepers to the pedestrian movement provides the possibility of touching the merchandise as one walks along. One is often caught in the cross conversation between shop owners facing each other and complimentary tea is often sent from one shop to another and politely offered to shoppers. In short, a bazaar is a way of life and socializing, but above all a political rumor and gossipmongering machine where word of mouth has more power than the mass media.
Farahzad was a newly-built community west of Tehran. Single-dwelling houses and apartments sprouted all over the hilly terrain. This was a private new town development which catered to middle and high income groups. The evolution of Iranian socially affluent classes of the post 'oil price hike' era created a demand for new housing which made such projects quite viable and attractive.
The new town Farahzad called for a number of shopping-office centers and we were commissioned to design one of them. We made one floor of office space and a two-level bazaar embracing a sunken plaza and provided enough space and intimacy to make this place an informal gathering center. I have never forgotten the favorite nightly pastime of Tehranis in the fifties. Fleeing the suffocating heat of the summer, Tehranis took the long road to Tadirish Square, at the foot of the Alborz Mountains, seeking the delightful coolness of the night. This excursion was the nightly Social parade of people sizing each other up and checking out the 'habitués', while patronizing kiosks, cafes and restaurants. The dynamic transformation of Tehran into an industrial urban complex, overrun by automobiles and pollution, did away with such simple niceties. The question now was, would it be possible to create such warm and socially meaningful urban spaces while anticipating the newly emerging urban forces?
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